Cascading Effects Begin Early

In contrast to language arts scores, math scores have remained flat. Again, Hispanic, African American, English learner and all children in poverty lag behind their Asian and White peers.

The cascading effect of an off track life course trajectory is clearly evident. Children who are behind in elementary school will not be on grade-level in middle school. Eighth grade success appears to be a strong predictor for college entry.

None of our children are doing well overall, but Hispanic, Black, and children in poverty face a worse future.



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